critical & theoretical
The immediately following pieces are by by myself.
Below, there is a section of other writing on digital poetics that I found useful at an early point in my career,
and some early works of what I now call digital language art that I've cited from time to time.
in reverse date order
Cayley, John. Image Generation: Augmented and Reconfigured. Denver: Counterpath, 2023.
Counterpath web page | Order from SPD | Web content on this site.
Cayley, John, and Daniel C. Howe. ‘Preoccupations.’ in The New River, Spring 2022. Webapp; bespoke software; process documentation. https://thenewriver.us/preoccupations/ (accessed October 1, 2022).
Cayley, John. ‘Differences That Make No Difference and Ambiguities That Do.’ Review of Martin Paul Eve, Close Reading with Computers, Stanford: Stanford UP, 2019. Novel: a forum on fiction 54, no. 2 (August 2021): 315-320. Author accepted ms available in the Brown University Digital Repository.
_____. ‘Literature and its digital and computational others’. Electronic Book Review, February 7, 2021, http://electronicbookreview.com/essay/literature-literary-language-and-its-digital-and-computational-others/ (accessed February 7, 2021).
_____. ‘No Future, No Future, No Future For ...’. In The Future of Text, edited by Frode Alexander Hegland. [Southampton]: Future Text Publishing, 2020, pp. 230-231.
_____. ‘The Language That Machines Read.’ In Attention à la Marche = Mind the Gap: Penser la Littérature Électronique in a Digital Culture = Thinking Electronic Literature in a Digital Culture, edited by Bertrand Gervais and Sophie Marcotte. Montreal: Les Presses de l’Écureuil, 2020, pp. 105-113.
Cayley, John, and Sally Qianxun Chen. ‘The Future of / -Writing / -Vilém Flusser / +Language / +John Cayley.’ The Digital Review 00 (June 7, 2020): n.p. http://thedigitalreview.com/issue00/future-of-language/index.html (accessed June 7, 2020). https://doi.org/10.7273/qk5p-g981.
Cayley, John and Scott Rettberg. ‘At a Heightened Level of Intensity: A Discussion of the Philosophy and Politics of Language in John Cayley’s Digital Poetics,’ Electronic Book Review, February 2, 2020, https://doi.org/10.7273/2np0-9153.
Cayley, John. ‘The Time of Tongues Is Past.’ In ReRites: Human + A.I. Poetry + Raw Output: A.I. Trained on Custom Poetry Corpus + Responses: 8 Essays About Poetry and A.I., edited by David Jhave Johnston and Stephanie Strickland. Montreal: Anteism, 2019. pp. 145-153.
_____. ‘[Mirroring] Events at the Sense Horizon: Translation over Time.’ Chap. 4 In Prismatic Translation, edited by Matthew Reynolds. Cambridge: Legenda, 2019. pp. 96-118.
_____. 'Reading Language Art in Digital Media: Reconfigurations of Experimental Practices.' Chap. 8 In Reading Experimental Writing, edited by Georgina Colby. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019. pp. 185-204.
_____. ‘If I Am a Person ...’. Asymptote Blog Our shared world of language: reflections on “US” Poets Foreign Poets (2019).
_____. 'The Translation of Process.' In At translation’s edge, edited by Nataša Durovičová, Patrice Petro and Lorena Terando. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2019. pp. 31-59.
Cayley, John, and Daniel C. Howe. 'A Statement by The Readers Project Concerning Contemporary Literary Practice, Digital Mediation, Intellectual Property, and Associated Moral Rights.' In Whose Book Is It Anyway? A View from Elsewhere on Publishing, Copyright and Creativity, 21-32. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019. The book itself is Open Access and available here, and here is a direct link to Cayley & Howe's chapter.
Cayley, John. Grammalepsy: Essays on Digital Language Art. New York and London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781501335792. The link from the book's title is to the Bloomsbury site offering print editions. The persistent doi link will take you to an Open Access version of the entire book in Bloomsbury's Collections.
_____. ‘Grammalepsy: An Introduction.’ Electronic Book Review 08-05-2018 (2018) http://electronicbookreview.com/essay/grammalepsy-an-introduction (accessed August 12, 2018).
_____. 'Reading.' Political Concepts 5, no. 1 (2018): n.p. The Trump Edition Vol. 1 http://www.politicalconcepts.org/reading-john-cayley/ (accessed July 28, 2018).
_____. 'The Translation of Process.' Amodern, no. 8 (2018) http://amodern.net/article/the-translation-of-process/.
_____. 'The Advent of Aurature and the End of (Electronic) Literature.' In The Bloomsbury Handbook of Electronic Literature, edited by Joseph Tabbi, 73-94. New York and London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017.
_____. 'Toward a Distributed Gallery in the Scholarly Network.' Humanist Studies and the Digital Age 5, no. 1 (December 2017): 64 http://journals.oregondigital.org/index.php/hsda/article/view/4006.
_____. '电脑生成的诗意文本与针对该文本的过程性中文翻译—源于萨缪尔·贝克特的文章《是如何》 = a Poetic Text Generated Using Computation, and a Procedural Translation Derived from This Text—Based on an Extract from Samuel Beckett's How It Is.' [In Chinese]. 上海文学 = Shanghai Literature, no. 480 (2017): 34-38.
_____. 'Reconfiguration: Symbolic Image and Language Art.' Humanities 6.1, Special Issue: The Poetics of Computation (2017): 12 pp.
_____. ‘Aurature at the End(s) of Electronic Literature.’ Electronic Book Review (2017) http://electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/aurature.
_____. 'A Statement by The Readers Project.' Whose Book Is It Anyway? IP, collaborative business models, and questions of ethics and creativity in digital publishing : Copyright Framework – Position Papers. (2016). http://www.create.ac.uk/research-programme/theme-4/wp4d-whose-book-is-it-anyway-ip-collaborative-business-models-and-questions-of-ethics-and-creativity-in-digital-publishing/copyright-framework-position-papers/a-statement-by-the-readers-project/.
_____. ‘The Listeners: An Instance of Aurature.’ Cream City Review 40.2 (2016): 172-87. Also online at: http://io.creamcityreview.org/40-2/cayley/
_____. 'The Listeners.' Forms of Criticism. London: Institute for Modern and Contemporary Culture, University of Westminster, 2016. Audio CD, released for the conference on June 30.
_____. ‘Of Capta, Vectoralists, Reading and the Googlization of Universities.’ In Digital Humanities and Digital Media: conversations on politics, culture, aesthetics, and literacy, edited by Roberto Simanowski, 69-92. London: Open Humanities Press, 2016. The book is published as an Open Access pdf available here, and the pdf of my interview is downloadable here.
_____. Image Generation: a reader. London: Veer Books, 2015. Or, in the US from NLLF. PDF.
_____. ‘Humus ... Human ... Humus (a Review of Mark C. Taylor Rewiring the Real).’ Novel: a forum on fiction 48.3 (2015): 465-68.
_____. ‘Primary Source.’ an afterword for the self-published Primary Source by Francesca Capone. Providence, 2015. [no page numbers].
_____. ‘Editor’s Choice Review of PRY by Samantha Gorman and Danny Cannizzaro.’ Bomb 132 (2015): 14.
_____. ‘Untranslatability and Readability.’ Critical Multilingualism Studies 3.1 (2015): 70-89.
_____. ‘Poetry and Stuff: A Review of #!’ Electronic Book Review (2015).
_____. ‘Beginning with ‘the Image’ in How It Is When Translating Certain Processes of Digital Language Art.’ Electronic Book Review (2015).
_____. ‘Breathless.’ Evolution. Eds. Johannes Heldén and Håkan Jonson. Stockholm: OEI editör, 2014. appendix 2.
_____. ‘Reading and Giving—Voice and Language.’ Performance Research 18.5 (2013): 10-19.
Howe, Daniel C. and John Cayley. ‘Reading, Writing, and Resisting: Literary Appropriation in The Readers Project.’ (with Daniel C. Howe) International Symposium of Electronic Art (ISEA). Eds. Kathy Cleland, Laura Fisher and Ross Harley. Sydney: ISEA International, the Australian Network for Art & Technology and the University of Sydney, 2013.
Cayley, John. ‘Pentameters toward the Dissolution of Certain Vectoralist Relations.’ Amodern 2 (2013):
_____. ‘Terms of Reference & Vectoralist Transgressions: Situating Certain Literary Transactions over Networked Services.’ Amodern 2 (2013):
_____. 'Weapons of the Deconstructive Masses (WDM): Whatever Electronic Literature May or May Not Mean.' Revista de Estudos Literários 1.2 (Literatura no século XXI) (2012): 25-56. (The complete essay.)
_____. 'Writing to Be Found and Writing Readers.' Digital Humanities Quarterly 5.3 (Aug 2011): http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/5/3/000104/000104.html.
Howe, Daniel C. and John Cayley. 'The Readers Project: Procedural Agents and Literary Vectors.' Leonardo 44.4 (August 2011) 317-24. Link to abstract.
Cayley, John. Interview for Bat of Minerva originally conducted Mar 2009, recently made available on refurbished UoM, Institute for Advanced Study website at: http://www.ias.umn.edu/media/BatofMinerva/Cayley.php.
_____. 'The Gravity of the Leaf: Phenomenologies of Literary Inscription in Media-Constituted Diegetic Worlds.' Beyond the Screen: Transformations of Literary Structures, Interfaces and Genres. Eds. Peter Gendolla and Jörgen Schäfer. Media Upheavals. Bielefeld: Transcript, 2010. 199-226.
Tianshu: Passages in the Making of a Book by John Cayley with Xu Bing and others, ed. Katherine Spears. London: Bernard Quaritch, 2009. (Difficult to get but available in the US from Worldwide Books).
Cayley, John. 'His Books.' My entirely original contribution to the above book Tianshu: Passages in the Making of a Book (which I also, basically, co-authored/put together), pp. 1-37. London: Bernard Quaritch Ltd, 2009. Author-accept ms now available in the Brown Digital Repository at https://repository.library.brown.edu/studio/item/bdr:gxvb4cnv/.
_____. 'Screen Writing: A Practice-Based, Eurorelative Introduction to Electronic Literature and Poetics.' Third Text 21.5 (2007): 603-09. Revised and extended in: Literary Art in Digital Performance: Case Studies in New Media Art and Criticism. Ed. Francisco J. Ricardo. New York: Continuum, 2009. 178-90.
_____. 'Weapons of the Deconstructive Masses: Whatever Electronic Literature May or May Not Mean.' Hyperhiz 6 (Sept 2009) [http://www.hyperrhiz.net/hyperrhiz06/essays/weapons-of-the-deconstructive-masses.html].
_____. 'Digital Poetics: An interactive reading with comment by Rita Raley.' at the University of Minnesota, Institute of Advanced Study, March 5, 2009. http://www.ias.umn.edu/media/CayleyRaley.php.
_____. 'Lens: The Practice and Poetics of Writing in Immersive VR.' Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 'New Media Poetry and Poetics' Special Issue, Vol 14, No. 5-6 (2006). http://leoalmanac.org/journal/vol_14/lea_v14_n05-06/jcayley.asp If this link is broken (during reestablishment of the LEA archive) a pdf is available here PDF.
_____. 'An Interview with John Cayley on Torus by Rita Raley.' Iowa Review Web 8, no. 3 (Sept. 2006): [Website accessed Dec 2006 at http://iowareview.uiowa.edu/TIRW/TIRW_Archive/september06/cayley/cayley.html].
_____. 'Time Code Language: New Media Poetics and Programmed Signification.' In New Media Poetics: Contexts, Technotexts, and Theories, edited by Adalaide Morris and Thomas Swiss. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006, pp. 307-33, see the MIT site.
_____. 'Writing on Complex Surfaces.' dichtung-digital 35 (2/2005) [http://www.dichtung-digital.de/2005/2/Cayley/index.htm]. Originally given as a paper at the 6th DAC (Digital Arts & Culture) Conference, IT University, Copenhagen, 1-3 December, 2005.
_____. 'Bass Resonance.' Mute, Winter/Spring 2005, 22-24. (Article based on a review of an exhibition of the work of Saul Bass, especially his film titles.) Now also available on the Electronic Book Review at http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/dynamic.
_____. 'Screen::Writing: a EuroRelative Introduction to Electronic Literature and Poetics.' a presentation for the conference 'Writing Europe,' Kyiv, Ukraine, June 28-July 2, 2005 [http://www.europequartet.org/presentations/16_John_Cayley_presentation.pdf]
_____. 'Overboard: An Example of Ambient Time-Based Poetics in Digital Art.' dichtung-digital 32 (2/2004) [http://www.dichtung-digital.de/2004/2-Cayley.htm].
_____. 'Literal Art: Neither Lines nor Pixels but Letters.' In First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game, edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Pat Harrigan, 208-17. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2004. Also available on the Web at: http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/firstperson/programmatology.
Glazier, Loss Pequeño, and John Cayley, eds. Ergodic Poetry: A Special Section of the Cybertext Yearbook 2002. Edited by Markku Eskelinen and Raine Koskimaa, Publications of the Research Centre for Contemporary Culture: Cybertext Yearbook. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2003.
Cayley, John. 'Hypertext/Cybertext/Poetext.' In Assembling Alternatives: Reading Postmodern Poetries Transnationally, edited by Romana Huk, 310-26. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2003. A version of this essay is also available on the Web at: http://programmatology.shadoof.net/works/hypercyberpoetext/.
_____. 'Digital Wen: On the Digitization of Letter- and Character-Based Systems of Inscription.' In Reading East Asian Writing: The Limits of Literary Theory, edited by Michel Hockx and Ivo Smits, 277-94. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
_____. 'Inner Workings: Code and Representations of Interiority in New Media Poetics.' dichtung-digital 29 (2003): http://www.dichtung-digital.de/2003/issue/3/Cayley.htm, based on a presentation at the Language and Encoding Conference, Buffalo, Nov. 02, proceedings edited by Loss Pequeño Glazier.
_____. 'From Byte to Inscription: An Interview with John Cayley by Brian Kim Stefans.' Iowa Review Web 5, no. 1 (2003): [Website accessed July 2010 at http://iowareview.uiowa.edu/TIRW/TIRW_Archive/tirweb/feature/cayley/index.html].
_____. 'Pressing the "Reveal Code" Key.' In The New Media Reader, edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Nick Monfort, Included on the CD-ROM. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003.
_____. 'Hallucination and Coherence.' Positions 10, no. 3 (2002): 773-84.
_____. 'The Code Is Not the Text (Unless It Is the Text).' Electronic Book Review (2002): [Website accessed September 2003 at http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/literal].
_____. 'Of Programmatology: Interview with John Cayley by John Welch.' Fourth Door Review 2001, 13-17.
_____. 'In the Event of Text: Interview with John Cayley by Markku Eskelinen.' In Cybertext Yearbook 2000, edited by Markku Eskelinen and Raine Koskimaa, 86-99. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2001.
_____. 'A Stranger to Yourself: Ways of Becoming an Other. An Interview/Discussion with Yang Lian.' New Formations 40 (2000): 15-29.
_____. 'Writing (under-)Sky: On Xu Bing's Tianshu.' In A Book of the Book: Some Work and Projections About the Book and Writing, edited by Jerome Rothenberg and Stephen Clay, 497-503. New York: Granary Books, 2000. Also available at http://www.shadoof.net/in/ts.html.
_____. 'Between Here and Nowhere.' The Little Magazine 22cd 'Gravitational Intrigue' (1999). A version of this essay is also available on the Web at: http://www.shadoof.net/in/translit/transl.html.
_____. 'Scrittura (Sotto Il) Cielo: Il Libro Dal Cielo De Xu Bing.' In Forma de Parole: Un'altra Cina: Poeti e narratori degli anni Novanta (1999): 145-53.
_____. 'Subject: Experiments; and Subject: Inscription in Complex Media.' In Poetics@, edited by Joel Kuszai, 88-89; 174-76. New York: Roof Books, 1999.
_____. 'Of Programmatology.' Mute, Fall 1998, 72-75.
_____. 'Author's Note.' In Poems for the Millennium: The University of California Book of Modern and Postmodern Poetry, edited by Jerome Rothenberg and Pierre Joris, 827-28. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
_____. Description of Xu Bing's Tianshu (Book from the Sky) [Website]. Hanshan Tang Books Ltd., 1997 [cited February 2002]. Available from http://www.hanshan.com/specials/xubingts.html. PDF
_____. 'Why Did People Make Things Like This?' [Creative contribution to Web-based journal]. Electronic Book Review, 1997 [cited February 2002]. Available from http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/speculative.
_____. Pressing the "Reveal Code" Key [Email-delivered, peer-reviewed periodical]. EJournal, 1996 [Accessed Apr 2 2011]. Available from http://www.ucalgary.ca/ejournal/archive/ej-6-1.txt.
_____. 'Beyond Codexspace: Potentialities of Literary Cybertext.' Visible Language 30, no. 2 (1996): 164-83.
(building up slowly ...)
'transitional media' publication of generated work
especially writing to be found
Cayley, John. 'Zero-Count Stitcher 1 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 7 • 8.' Veer About 3 (Feb 2011) [no page numbers; see http://intercapillaryspace.blogspot.com/2011/02/veer-about-2010-2011.html; large pdf download of the entire issue here].
other writing on digital poetics
by author, not updated since about 2006 and maintained, as of Summer 2017, for reference / historical context
Aarseth, Espen. Cybertext: Perspectives on Ergodic Literature. Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press, 1997.
Baldwin, Sandy. 'Process Window: Code Work, Code Aesthetics, Code Poetics.' In Ergodic Poetry: A Special Section of the Cybertext Yearbook 2002 : Publications of the Research Centre for Contemporary Culture, edited by Loss Pequeño Glazier and John Cayley. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2003.
Bootz, Philippe. 'Hypertext: Solution/Dissolution.' In Ergodic Poetry: A Special Section of the Cybertext Yearbook 2002, edited by Loss Pequeño Glazier and John Cayley. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2003.
Bök, Christian. 'The Piecemeal Bard Is Deconstructed: Notes toward a Potential Robopoetics.' Object 10, no. Special Issue (2001): 10-18.
Brown, Nathan. 'Needle on the Real: Technoscience and Poetry at the Limits of Fabrication.' in Hayles, N. Katherine ed. Nanoculture: Implications of the New Technoscience. Bristol: Intellect Books, 2004, pp. 173-90.
Cramer, Florian. 'Digital Code and Literary Text.' BeeHive Hypertext/Hypermedia Literary Journal 4, no. 3 (2001): [Website accessed May 2003 at http://beehive.temporalimage.com/content_apps43/app_d.html].
Derrida, Jacques. Of Grammatology. Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. 1st American ed. Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press, 1976.
_____. 'Freud and the Scene of Writing.' In Writing and Difference, 196-231. London: Routledge, 1978.
_____. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Translated by Eric Prenowitz. Edited by Mark C. Taylor, Relgion and Postmodernism. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Drucker, Joanna. The Visible Word: Experimental Typography and Modern Art, 1909-1923. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
_____. 'Intimations of Immateriality: Graphical Form, Textual Sense, and the Electronic Environment.' In Reimagining Textuality: Textual Studies in the Late Age of Print, edited by Loizeaux and Fraistat: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.
Druckrey, Timothy, ed. Electronic Culture: Technology and Visual Representation. New York: Aperture, 1996.
Emerson, Lori. 'Numbered Space and Topographic Writing.' Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 'New Media Poetry and Poetics' Special Issue, Vol 14, No. 5-6 (2006). [http://leoalmanac.org/journal/vol_14/lea_v14_n05-06/lemerson.asp].
Eskelinen, Markku, and Raine Koskimaa, eds. Cybertext Yearbook 2000, Publications of the Research Centre for Contemporary Culture, 68. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2001.
_____. Cybertext Yearbook 2001, Publications of the Research Centre for Contemporary Culture, 72. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2002.
Foucault, Michel. The Archaeology of Knowledge. Edited by R. D. Laing, World of Man. London: Tavistock, 1972.
Freud, Sigmund. 'A Note Upon the ‘Mystic Writing-Pad’.' In On Metapsychology: The Theory of Psychoanalysis, edited by Angela Richards, 427-34. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1991.
Genette, Gérard. Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation. Translated by Jane E. Lewin. Edited by Richard Macksey and Michael Sprinker. 1st English ed, Literature, Culture, Theory 20. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Glazier, Loss Pequeño. Digital Poetics: The Making of E-Poetries. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2002.
Goldsmith, Kenneth. 'Cyber Poetics.' Object 10, no. Special Issue (2001).
Hartman, Charles O. Virtual Muse: Experiments in Computer Poetry. Hanover: Wesleyan University Press, 1996.
Hayles, N. Katherine. Chaos Bound: Orderly Disorder in Contemporary Literature and Science. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.
_____. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
_____. 'Print Is Flat, Code Is Deep: The Importance of Media-Specific Analysis.' Poetics Today (2001).
_____. 'Materiality Has Always Been in Play: An Interview with N. Katherine Hayles by Lisa Gitelman.' The Iowa Review Web (2002): [Website accessed May 2003 at http://iowareview.uiowa.edu/TIRW/TIRW_Archive/tirweb/feature/hayles/hayles.htm#].
_____. Writing Machines. Edited by Peter Lunenfeld, Mediawork. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002.
_____. 'Deeper into the Machine: The Future of Electronic Literature.' Culture Machine 5, no. e-Issue (2003): [Website accessed March 2003 at http://culturemachine.tees.ac.uk/Articles/Hayles/NHayles.htm].
_____. 'Translating Media: Why We Should Rethink Textuality.' The Yale Journal of Criticism 16, no. 2 (2003): 263-90.
_____. My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Hayles, N. Katherine ed. Nanoculture: Implications of the New Technoscience. Bristol: Intellect Books, 2004.
Hockx, Michel, and Ivo Smits, eds. Reading East Asian Writing: The Limits of Literary Theory, Routledgecurzon-Iias Asian Studies Series. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
Joyce, Michael. Of Two Minds: Hypertext Peda-Gogy and Poetics. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Kenner, Hugh. The Mechanic Muse. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Kittler, Friedrich A. Discourse Networks 1800/1900. Translated by Michael Metter and Chris Cullens. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990.
_____. Literature, Media, Information Systems: Essays. Edited by John Johnston, Critical Voices in Art, Theory and Culture. Amsteldijk: G+B Arts International, 1997.
_____. 'There Is No Software.' In Literature Media Information Systems, edited by John Johnston, 147-55. Amsteldijk: G+B Arts International, 1997.
_____. 'The World of the Symbolic: A World of the Machine.' In Literature Media Information Systems, edited by John Johnston, 130-46. Amsteldijk: G+B Arts International, 1997.
_____. Gramophone, Film, Typewriter. Translated by Geoffrey Winthrop-Young and Michael Wutz. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
Landow, George P. Hypertext 2.0: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology. Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press, 1997.
Lunenfeld, Peter, ed. The Digital Dialectic: New Essays on New Media. Edited by Roger F. Malina, Leonardo. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999.
Manovich, Lev. The Language of New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001.
Marvin, Carolyn. When Old Technologies Were New: Thinking About Electric Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Masten, Jeffrey, Peter Stallybrass, and Nancy Vickers, eds. Language Machines: Technologies of Literary and Cultural Production, Essays from the English Institute. London: Routledge, 1997.
Morris, Adalaide, and Thomas Swiss eds. New Media Poetics: Contexts, Technotexts, and Theories. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006
Motte, Warren F., trans. and, ed. Oulipo: A Primer of Potential Literature. Normal, Il: Dalkey Archive Press, 1998. Normal, IL: Dalkey Archive Press, 1998.
Nelson, Theodor Holm. Literary Machines 93.1. Sausalito: Mindful Press, 1993.
_____. Zigzag [Web site]. 1 October 2001 [cited May 2003]. Available from http://xanadu.com/zigzag.
Ong, Walter J. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. Edited by Terence Hawkes, New Accents. London: Routledge, 1982. Reprint, 1995.
Parrish, Katherine. 'How We Became Automatic Poetry Generators: It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Blurst of Times.' Object 10, no. Special Issue (2001): 41-48.
Perloff, Majorie. Radical Artifice: Writing Poetry in the Age of Media. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Raley, Rita. Interferences: [Net.Writing] and the Practice of Codework [Article in Web-based journal]. Electronic Book Review, 2002 [cited September 2002]. Available from http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/electropoetics/net.writing.
Rosenberg, Jim. 'The Interactive Diagram Sentence: Hypertext as a Medium of Thought.' Visible Language 30, no. 2 (1996): Also on Rosenberg's web site http://www.well.com/user/jer/VL.html [Accessed July 10, 2002].
_____. 'Questions About the Second Move.' In Ergodic Poetry: A Special Section of the Cybertext Yearbook 2002 : Publications of the Research Centre for Contemporary Culture, edited by Loss Pequeño Glazier and John Cayley. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2003.
Rothenberg, Jerome, and Stephen Clay, eds. A Book of the Book: Some Work and Projections About the Book and Writing. New York: Granary Books, 2000.
Ryan, Marie-Laure, ed. Cyberspace Textuality: Computer Technology and Literary Theory. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1999.
Stefans, Brian Kim. Fashionable Noise: On Digital Poetics. Berkeley: Atelos, 2003.
_____. 'Privileging Language: The Text in Electronic Writing.' Electronic Book Review, 2005 [accessed November 2005]. Available from http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/firstperson/databased.
_____. 'Stops and Rebels: A Critique of Hypertext.' In Fashionable Noise: On Digital Poetics, 61-169. Berkeley: Atelos, 2003.
Tiffany, Daniel. Toy Medium: Materialism and the Modern Lyric. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Ulmer, Gregory L. Applied Grammatology: Post(E)-Pedagogy from Jacques Derrida to Joseph Beuys. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1985.
Wardrip-Fruin, Noah, and Nick Monfort, eds. The New Media Reader. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003.
Wershler-Henry, Darren, ed. Cyberpoetics, Open Letter, Tenth Series, Number 9, Fall 2000. Toronto: Open Letter, 2000.
Zizek, Slavoj. Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture, October Books. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992.
by author i aimed to put up many more links over time, but didn't add anything after 2000. i now think that this is an interesting 'document' maintained, as of Summer 2017, for reference / historical context
Chan, Paul. Alternumerics [Website]. National Philistine, 2000 [cited February 2002]. Available from http://www.nationalphilistine.com/alternumerics/.
Goldsmith, Kenneth. Fidget [Web site]. Coach House Books, 2000 [cited July 2002]. Available from http://www.chbooks.com/online/fidget.html.
Hennessy, Neil. Jabber: The Jabberwocky Engine [Web site]. UbuWeb, 2000 [cited July 2002]. Available from http://www.ubu.com/papers/ol/hennessy02.html.
Jodi. www.jodi.org: Jodi, 1980.
Memmott, Talan. From Lexia to Perplexia [Website]. Trace; and BeeHive Hypertext/Hypermedia Literary Journal, 2000 [cited February 2002]. Available from http://trace.ntu.ac.uk/newmedia/lexia/index.htm.
Mez = Mary-Anne Breeze. _the Data][H!][Bleeding T.Ex][E][Ts [Website]. 2001 [cited February 2002]. Available from http://netwurkerz.de/mez/datableed/complete/index.htm.
Rosenberg, Jim. Intergrams. Cambridge, MA: Eastgate Systems, 1993.
_____. The Barrier Frames: Finality Crystal Shunt Curl Chant Quickening Giveaway Stare; Diffractions Through: Thirst Weep Ransack (Frailty) Veer Tide Elegy. Cambridge, MA: Eastgate Systems, 1996.
Stefans, Brian Kim. The Dreamlife of Letters [Flash-based Web site]. UbuWeb, 2001 [cited September 2003]. Available from http://www.ubu.com/contemp/stefans/dream/.